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Extra info for Aspects of Dynamic Phonology
3 Postulates of a Dynamic Phonology As stated above, if there is some observable set of relationships that obtain between the various phonetic characteristics, then we are obligated by the inner approach — by the principle that the science of phonology must be based upon the best available scientific evidence — to abstract the r e l a t i o n ships and use them in organizing the phonology. The evidence from physiolog ical and acoustic phonetics w i l l not support an organization of features and oppositions in the phonology based upon the notions of segmentation, but it w i l l support an organization based upon principles of the hierarchical applica tion of features in dynamic c o a r t i c u l a t i o n (hierarchical in the sense of Mermelstein 1973).
Perkell's measurements from cine radiographic f i l m are instrumental in the development of the 1973 model, as are the measurements of Mermelstein et a l . (1971). Not all of the phoneticians who have contributed to the development of the a r t i c u l a t o r y model are concerned w i t h merely static descriptions. For example, Öhman (1966) notes that i t is necessary to take anticipation into consideration in the construction of any model (acoustic or physiological). Furthermore, Öhman attempts to relate the overlapping movements of the ar ticulators to separate neural instructions (compare Lieberman 1970).
O. Jones 1969). Moreover, an obstruction prosody need not occur in conjunction w i t h any (phonologically pertinent) obstruction. culine indefinite a r t i c l e (number) un For example, in the French mas 'one' the nasal prosody is realized without the dental obstruction that one finds in the feminine form une [yn]. Functionally, i t is indeed obstructional, as illustrated by the alternation itself. O f t e n , the g l o t t a l f r i c a t i v e / h / is also best analyzed in this way, as in the mutation system of Welsh (compare chap.