By Russell A. Berman
Since September eleven, 2001, the attitudes of Europeans towards the us have grown an increasing number of adverse. for plenty of in Europe, the terrorist assault on big apple urban was once visible as proof of ways American habit elicits hostility—and the way it will be as much as americans to repent and alter their methods. during this revealing examine the deep divide that has emerged, Russell A. Berman explores some of the dimensions of up to date eu anti-Americanism. the writer exhibits how, because the means of post–cold struggle ecu unification has improved, anti-Americanism has confirmed to be an invaluable ideology for the definition of a brand new ecu identification. He examines this rising id and indicates the way it has led Europeans to a place adversarial to any "regime switch" via the United States—no subject how undesirable the regime may well be—whether in Serbia, Afghanistan, or Iraq.
Berman information the elements—some cultural, a few easily irrational—of this irritating circulate and tells why it really is prone to stay a characteristic of family members among the us and Europe for the foreseeable destiny. He explains how anti-Americanism operates like an obsessive prejudice and stereotype, impervious to rational arguments or real facts, and indicates how the destructive reaction to U.S. rules will be traced to a bigger, extra deeply rooted circulation opposed to globalization. Anti-Americanism in Western Europe isn't just a pleasant confrontation, it's a widening chasm. This publication makes an incredible contribution to knowing this crucial ideological challenge.
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Additional resources for Anti-Americanism in Europe: A Cultural Problem
This bipolarity explains a curious aspect of the debate about German attitudes to the United States: assertions of anti-Americanism typically elicit denials and demonstrations of extensive appreciation for the United States. The distinctiveness of the German case is that anti-Americanism and philo-Amer- 34 Anti-Americanism in Europe icanism exist side by side. As much as Germany as a whole shares many American values, it could also nurture the antiwestern and anti-American subculture where the September 11 conspiracy germinated.
4 percent. Moreover this attribution increases from September 2001 to October 2001, presumably an effect of the case against the Taliban being made with increasing cogency. S. policies, be it a matter of the support for Israel or the earlier support for the Mujahideen against the Soviets in Afghanistan. The German Perception 19 In other words, the significant support for the United States in the German public sphere was again accompanied by varying degrees of reluctance, rejection, or opposition even immediately after September 11.
5 Yet when the statement is replaced with one regarding individual freedom and the force of social conditions, the findings change significantly. Evaluating the statement “Success in life is pretty much determined by forces outside our control,” 32 percent of Americans completely or mostly agreed. , the opposite of individual initiative). This finding is at the high end of comparable Western European findings: the United Kingdom at 58 percent, France at 54 percent, Italy at 66 percent. Several of the Eastern European findings are surprisingly lower than those from Western Europe, that is, closer to the American data, although still much higher: Bulgaria at 52 percent, the Czech Republic at 47 percent, the Slovak Republic at 49 percent, but Poland at 63 percent (higher than many Western European countries but still lower than Germany).