By Globokar, Julie L.; Roberson, Cliff; Winters, Robert C
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation
Individualized sentences often reflected the dominance of religion in public life, as with orders that offenders pull weeds on church property or perform repairs for the church (p. 331). Punishments were often stratified by class/social status. Those who were wealthy enough to pay fines could often do so in lieu of corporal punishment, and punishments were shaped in part by the relative status of the victim and offender. One author offered the following description: Whippings of up to 40 lashes were most frequently administered for immorality, being the form of payment which could be made Chapter two: The concept of crime 27 by servants, who accounted for most of these cases.
Washington, DC: National Academy Press. The information on the NIBRS was adapted from The FBI website. htm 20. Justice Research and Statistics Association. (2012). Status of NIBRS in the United States. shtml 21. The definitions set forth in this section were taken from the DOJ website as noted in Reference 8. chapter two The concept of crime Chapter objectives After studying this chapter, the reader should be able to • Identify the characteristics of law and the role of criminal law in shaping behavior • Describe the relationship between actions that are deemed “criminal,” and those that result in social harm • Explain the complex nature of crime causation • Define the five goals of punishment • Compare and contrast the approaches to crime most typical of Native American tribes to those of other primitive societies • Describe the nature of punishment in colonial America • Identify key developments in criminal law and punishment in the United States from the 1800s to the present day Introduction Crime is common.
Another important development was the creation of the nation’s first juvenile court in Chicago in 1899, opened in recognition that juveniles had different needs and levels of culpability for their actions relative to adults. THE LAST PUBLIC EXECUTION The last execution to be carried out in public in the United States did not occur until 1936. In many ways, it was an event typical of public executions in the south, although the size and rowdiness of the crowd has been implicated in speeding up the end of public executions in Kentucky.