By Sharon O'Brien
This e-book describes the fight of Indian tribes and their governments to accomplish freedom and self-determination regardless of repeated makes an attempt via international governments to dominate, exterminate, or assimilate them. Drawing at the disciplines of political technological know-how, heritage, legislation, and anthropology and written in an instantaneous, readable type, American Indian Tribal Governments is a finished creation to standard tribal governments, to the heritage of Indian-white kin, to the constitution and felony rights of recent tribal governments, and to the altering roles of federal and country governments relating to modem tribal governments. booklet of this publication fills a niche in American Indian reviews, offering students with a foundation from which to start an built-in research of tribal govt, delivering lecturers with a very good introductory textbook, and delivering common readers with an obtainable and entire advent to American Indian background and government. The book's particular constitution permits assurance of a very good breadth of knowledge whereas averting the typical mistake of generalizing approximately all tribes and cultures. An introductory part offers the fundamental topics of the ebook and describes the normal governments of 5 tribes selected for his or her geographic and cultural diversity-the Senecas, the Muscogees, the Lakotas, the Isleta Pueblo, and the Yakimas. the subsequent 3 chapters assessment the background of Indian-white family members from the time Christopher Columbus "discovered" the USA to the current. Then the background and modem executive of every of the 5 tribes awarded prior is tested intimately. the ultimate chapters examine the evolution and present criminal powers of tribal governments, the tribal-federal dating, and the tribal-state relationship.American Indian Tribal Governments illuminates problems with tribal sovereignty and exhibits how tribes are maintaining and increasing their keep an eye on of tribal club, criminal structures, baby welfare, land and source use, looking and fishing, enterprise rules, schooling, and social companies. different examples express tribes negotiating with country and federal governments to relieve resources of clash, together with problems with felony and civil jurisdiction, taxation, searching and fishing rights, and regulate of ordinary assets. Excerpts from ancient and modem files and speeches spotlight the textual content, and multiple hundred pictures, maps, and charts convey tribal lifestyles, govt, and interplay with white society because it was once and is. integrated to boot are a thesaurus and a chronology of vital occasions.
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Extra info for American Indian Tribal Governments
Representative Jack Kemp and Seneca Nation President Calvin E. S. flag on Iwo Jima 274 Governor of Wisconsin signing Indian legislation 279 Salt River Pima tribal police 280 Sac and Fox of Oklahoma tribal police 280 Traditional Indian fishing 286 Fish hatchery, North Carolina 287 Voting rights poster 289 Alaskan Native child in costume 295 Indian children at their desks 295 Choctaw children playing 295 Page xiii MAPS Tribal Distribution, 1500 15 Major Culture Areas, 1500 16 Claims to Tribal Territories, 17761803 50 Dislocation of the (Unami) Delaware Nation 59 Tribal Relocation to Indian Territory 60 Unorganized Indian Territory 62 Indian Land Cessions, 1660-1880 79 Seneca Nation Land: Past and Present 103 Muscogee Land: Past and Present 131 Cheyenne River Sioux Land: Past and Present 151 Pueblo Land: Past and Present 172 Yakima Nation Land: Past and Present 185 FIGURES American Indian Population, 14921980 77 Seneca Nation Government 110 Muscogee Nation Government 133 Cheyenne River Sioux Tribal Organization 153 Isleta Pueblo (Secular) Government 176 The Law-EnforcementJurisdictional Maze 207 Average Life Expectancy Rates 249 Infant Mortality Rate 249 Indian Nations and the American Political System 277 TABLE Development of the Federal-Tribal Relationship 258 Page xv PREFACE During the summer of 1982, Linda Howard, chairwoman of the Yerington Paiutes, asked me to review a meager selection of books for possible adoption in a course on tribal government that the tribe was planning to introduce in the schools.
A sovereign community possesses certain rights, including the rights to structure its government as it desires, to conduct foreign relations and trade with other nations, to define its own membership, to make and enforce its own laws, and to regulate its resources and property. The manner in which each tribe traditionally exercised these rights varied according to its distinct cultural practices and the needs imposed by its environment. Despite differences in structure, however, traditional tribal governments shared certain values, ideas of leadership, and styles of decision making.
Chief Joseph, Nez Percé, 1879 Page 3 PART 1 INTRODUCTION This book is about the struggle of Indian tribes and their governments to achieve their goals of freedom and self-determination. Chapter 1 introduces the experiences of the Mississippi Choctawsa tribe whose past and present are both unique and similar to the experience of the more than six hundred tribes native to the United States. The story of the Mississippi Choctaws reflects the issues and events that will be discussed throughout this book.