By K. David Jackson
Poet, short-story author, feverish inventor--Fernando Pessoa was once probably the most cutting edge figures shaping eu modernism. identified for a repertoire of works penned by way of a number of invented authors--which he termed heteronyms--the Portuguese author gleefully subverted the concept of what it capability to be an writer. hostile Genres in Fernando Pessoa bargains an creation to the fiction and the "profusion of selves" that populates the enigmatic author's uniquely imagined oeuvre.
To advisor readers throughout the eclectic paintings shaped by way of Pessoa's heteronyms, ok. David Jackson advances the assumption of "adverse genres" revealing style clashes to be basic to the author's paradoxical and contradictory corpus. throughout the invented "coterie of authors," Pessoa inverted the standard relationships among shape and content material, authorship and textual content. In an encouraged, paradoxical, and now and then absurd blending of cultural referents, Pessoa chosen genres from the eu culture (Ricardo Reis's Horatian odes, Álvaro de Campos's worship of Walt Whitman, Alberto Caeiro's pastoral and metaphysical verse, and Bernardo Soares's philosophical diary), into which he inserted incongruent modern rules. by way of growing a number of layers of authorial anomaly Pessoa breathes the energy of modernism into conventional historic genres, extending their expressive range.
Through examinations of "A Very unique Dinner," the "Cancioneiro," love letters to Ophelia Queirós, "The event of the Anarchist Banker," Pessoa's choice of quatrains derived from Portuguese renowned verse, the publication of Disquietude, and the key poetic heteronyms, Jackson enters the orbit of the artist who exchanged a regular lifestyles for an international of the mind's eye.
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Additional info for Adverse Genres in Fernando Pessoa
He refers to his procedure as cutout (recorte), which is similar to the Cubist collage, and considers the practice of formal simultaneity, or juxtaposition, to belong to dramatic literature: “What I am essentially is [. ] a dramaturge (O que sou essencialmente [. 58 Pessoa was thinking of genre when, about 1912, he became interested in writing poems in a paganist style (uns poemas de índole pagã);59 thus the origin of the heteronyms is generic, form dominating expression and even authorship. In retrospect, he even traced the birth of Ricardo Reis to those paganist sketches.
He even suggests a biological origin for his depression, noting that Prosit was the son of an epileptic and had rakes and neurotics in the family background. For both narrator and Society members, to the contrary, Prosit’s moments of despair disappeared in the context of his universal merriment, so brief and different as to be dismissed as out of character. Anticipating Freud’s discussion of unhappiness in Civilization and Its Discontents, Prosit provides an example of “displacement of libido” through his mysterious pained moments: “The task here is that of shifting the instinctual aims in such a way that they cannot come up against frustration from the external world [.
Notwithstanding Pessoa’s level of stylistic dexterity, none of the heteronym’s alterations or changes could make sense except in the context of standard, accepted features of a style or expressive genre, which are maintained and even celebrated, although repositioned or reconstituted in an estranged setting. 76 Even for the historical avant-garde movements that promoted rupture and rejection of the past, reference to a standard remained equally vital for advancing any deviation in content or style, or to support any rejection of the past or to destabilize the present.