By Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru
A Continent relocating West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long term procedure is turning into more and more large of the mark. fairly, east-west exertions migration in Europe, in universal might be with different flows in and from different elements of the realm, is diversified, fluid, and encouraged by way of the dynamics of neighborhood and sector-specific exertions markets and migration-related political laws. The papers during this publication give a contribution to serious figuring out of the east-west migration in the ecu Union after the 2004 expansion, from the hot to the outdated member states.
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Additional resources for A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe
Jobs in this market are usually characterised by low pay, insecure employment, limited access to health and welfare services and little protection against exploitation from their clients and employers. Though some Polish construction workers reported being given fake contracts stating higher pay than they actually received, the Transitional Restrictions’ obligation to register and submit working contracts with national pay level for individual labour migrants has had a disciplining effect for Norwegian employers.
This does not necessarily mean that they receive equal treatment as native workers. Poles working legally for Norwegian firms have lower wages than the industry average, they usually do not get compensated for their skills or education, and there is much to indicate that they are expected to work longer hours than their native colleagues. But examples of exploitation and bad working conditions are few in this group. On the other hand, there is a secondary sector in the periphery of the Norwegian labour market consisting of temporary posted and self-employed workers not covered by the transitional restrictions and often working illegally without residency permits and without paying tax.
The author is greatly indebted to her efforts. Notes 1 The analysis in this chapter is based on a study conducted in the autumn of 2006, and was written in 2007 and 2008. It does not take into account events that happened after June 2008, such as the financial crisis later that year or the revoking of the Norwegian transitional restrictions in May 2009. A follow-up study was conducted in early 2010. The results from this study will be published in 2010/2011. 2 Although not an EU member, Norway is part of the single market through the European Economic Area (EEA) agreement.